¿Cuándo usar el pasado continuo?
(“Past continuous” en ingles). El pasado continuo describe acciones o eventos en un tiempo anterior, que comenzó en el pasado y aún continuaba en el momento de hablar. En otras palabras, expresa una acción inacabada o incompleta en el pasado.
a menudo, para describir los antecedentes de una historia escrita en tiempo pasado, por ejemplo: “The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle. The other animals were relaxing in the shade of the trees, but the elephant moved very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn’t notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When the shot rang out, she was running towards the river…”
para describir una acción inacabada que fue interrumpida por otro evento o acción: “I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.”
para expresar un cambio de opinión: por ejemplo: “I was going to spend the day at the beach but I’ve decided to go on an excursion instead.”.
con “wonder“, para hacer una solicitud muy educada: por ejemplo: “I was wondering if you could baby-sit for me tonight.”
- They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened.
- Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
- When we arrived he was having a bath.
- When the fire started I was watching television.
Nota: con los verbos que normalmente no se usan en forma continua, se usa el pasado simple. Ver pasado simple
Cómo formar el pasado continuo
El pasado continuo de cualquier verbo se compone de dos partes: el tiempo pasado del verbo “to be” (was / were), y la base del verbo principal + ing.
|Sujeto||was/were||base + ing|
Ejemplo: “to play”, Pasado continuo
|I was playing||I was not playing||Was I playing?|
|You were playing||You were not playing||Were you playing?|
|He, she, it was playing||She wasn’t playing||Was she playing?|
|We were playing||We weren’t playing||Were we playing?|
|You were playing||You weren’t playing||Were you playing?|
|They were playing||They weren’t playing||Were they playing?|